When talking about meditation, we are referring to a method that helps us in relaxing our bodies and minds. In the past, different techniques have been used by different religions for their respective spiritual traditions. Nowadays, meditation is a common activity for individuals who want to improve their physical and mental well being.
Here are the five basic requirements for meditation:
Practical Idealism. You must believe in what you practice. Meditation must not be a hypocritical act and must be supported by a philosophy which guides your actions, attitude, motivations, relationships and restraints.
A suitable place. If you are a beginner, find a place conducive to sitting or lying down to relax your body muscles with minimum distractions. As your concentration prowess develops, you will be alb to meditate just about anywhere and anywhere you want, even in the noisiest and busy environments.
A comfortable posture. Ensure that your mind and body is comfortable, as it has been proven that postural realignment can affect your state of mind. The mind can meditate only if the body is totally free from pain so complicated postures, such as the lotus posture, are merely symbolic and not ideal for meditation. Therefore, the spine should be structurally sound and normally kept erect and the body weight is distributed around it. Ideally, a sitting position is better for meditation because lying down could easily lead you to sleep. A semi-reclining position is only recommended if you are a person who does not easily go to sleep during the day.
Relaxed disposition. Meditation is never an ego trip or any sort of competition. It should be a relaxed attitude which is the most essential element of meditation where alertness and relaxation must be in perfect balance. Distractions from environmental sounds are inevitable but if you slip away, just make sure to bring your awareness to the meditation object. Eventually and with practice these moments of deep restfulness and calm during the meditative state will be more frequent.
Methods constituting the practice of meditation. These are the fifth requisite element in meditation and you could choose your preferred method. For example, while in some meditation methods the subject has to close their eyes to make relaxation easier to induce, others involve looking at an object with open eyes. There are those who prefer the use of mantra because for them single thought sound has the effect of quietening the mind while awareness of breathing is also used as a single meditation method to promote relaxation. Remember that you must have knowledge and understanding of these methods as each have its own unique requirement you have to follow.